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Click to see country in continent: Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad Population: 190,3 mln Surface: 803,940 sq km Languages:
Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashto, Baluchi, local dialects
Did you know?
Prior to 1947, Pakistan was a British colony. In 1947 the United Kingdom granted independence to the region under a new name, Pakistan. The name had been developed by a group of students at Cambridge University who issued a pamphlet in 1933 called Now or Never. They came up with the term Pakistan which is an acronym of letters taken from the names of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Iran, Sindh, Tukharistan, Afghanistan, and Balochistan. It means the land of the Paks, or land of the pure, or clean
Exact population: 190,291,129 (July 2011 est.) Literacy: Total population: 48.7%; male: 61.7%; female: 35.2% Ethnicities: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants) Land boundaries: Total: 6,774 km; border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km Terrain: Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west Extremes: Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m; highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m Imports: Saudi Arabia 11.6%, UAE 10%, US 9.7%, China 8.4%, Japan 6.5%, Kuwait 5.6% (2004) Exports: US 23.5%, UAE 7.4%, UK 7.3%, Germany 5%, Hong Kong 4.4% (2004) Industries: Textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp