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Click to see country in continent: South Africa
Capital: Pretoria Population: 48,8 mln Surface: 1,219,912 sq km Languages:
South African English, IsiZulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, Sepedi, Setswana, Sesotho, local dialects
Did you know?
As a British-educated lawyer, Mahatma Gandhi first employed his ideas of peaceful civil disobedience in the Indian community's struggle for civil rights in South Africa where he lived for around twenty years. In later years, Gandhi said that he was born in India, but made in South Africa
Exact population: 48,810,427 (July 2012 est.) Literacy: Total population: 86.4%; male: 87%; female: 85.7% Ethnicities: Black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census) Land boundaries: Total: 4,862 km; border countries: Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 967 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km Terrain: Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain Extremes: Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m; highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m Imports: Germany 14.2%, US 8.5%, China 7.5%, Japan 6.9%, UK 6.9%, France 6%, Saudi Arabia 5.6%, Iran 5% (2004) Exports: US 10.2%, UK 9.2%, Japan 9%, Germany 7.1%, Netherlands 4% (2004) Industries: Mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textile, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair